Sunday, February 7, 2016

A Visit to Kapal Mouchan by Anand Koul, 1909


In 1911 Volume II issue of Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Pandit Anand Koul reported discovery of stone inscriptions at the springs at Kapal Mouchan by two priest named Lakshaman Bayu and Vishnu Bayu ['Boi' of Kashmiri, for priest or 'Gor Boi'].

The stone inscriptions were in Sharda and of much interest because the date on them put them in 18th century, around 1789 when Afghans were governing Kashmir (Timur Shah (1772-1793 A.D.), a period which is now remembered as a period of much persecution. It is interesting that even around that time Sharda survived and Pandits were working on their holy places.


Bhushan Kumar Kaul Deambi in his work 'Sarada and Takari Alphabets: Origin and Development' (2008) mentions the inscription but reports that this important inscription is now untraceable.

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Friday, February 5, 2016

Notes on Pilgrimages in the Country of Cashmere, 1866


"The tendency of the Hindu inhabitants of Cashmere, to localise in his own small, though levelly valley the fabled incidents of his religion, common to all lands where the Brahminical faith prevails, is, I believe generally known. In putting on record, therefore, a few notes on the pilgrimages of Cashmere, I may be, perhaps merely on a small scale, assigning to local spots the fables which more properly belong to the entire Hindu Pantheon, and have their localities elsewhere in Hindustan."

Notes on Pilgrimages in the Country of Cashmere
by Major D. F. Newall, R. A.
from travels in Kashmir valley in 1866
from
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal
Volume XXXV, Issue IV, 1867

Pilgrimages covered, along with routes and other details:


1. Amarnath

Fourteen places for bathing (snan)

Stops:
Srinagar, Pandrethon, Padinapore,Jubroroo(?), Awantipore, Hurriepore (?), Wagahamoo, Husti-ki-nar-Nargum, Chakredhar, Deojie-zan,Wuzzeeshur,Hurrrichundra Raj, Tejwarrah, Soorie Goophar, Succur-gaom, Buddraroo, Sullur, Ganeshbul, Neela Gunga, Tanashur, Panch Taringini, Amreeshur, 

2. Hur Moktur Gunga (Gungabul)

four days before mid summer.

Vecha Kund (Vichar Nag), about a mile from the shores of Dul Lake on road towards Lar.

Walk along marshes of Hakrit Bul, reach Gundoor Nagar.
Mahirji gaon
Numoor
Karrung-ka-Nuddue
Ramaradun
Mahulish Merg
Mumsadar
Mundi-Kettur
Gangbul
Nara Nag
Wangut
Woosun
Ends back at Vichar Nag

3. Pilgrimage to Martund

Seven places for snan

Deokie Yar
Doomia Shrum
Anant Nag
Gutim Nag
Charkabul
Ends at Anant Nag

4. Pilgrimage to Vitasta Kund

Ten places for snan

Sooneyar
Gunpatyaar
Mullyar
Shriya
Bijbehara
Waupoosh, a part of old Bijbehara
Hur Nag
Virnag
[reference in paper to 'Keer Bownie'…Khir Bhawani…]
Vitasta Kund
Kootee Teerut via Baramula

5. Pilgrimage to Suhoojun Teerut

Three places for snan

Mahadamuttie
Luhoojun (fire from earth). Pandits cook rice.
Return to Mahadamuttie

6. Pilgrimage to Kapal Muchan

Taken by grave sinner


7. Pilgrimage to Sheeva DEvi

In Bring Pergunnah. For old people. 

Shahabad towards Meribul Pass

8. Pilgrimage to Kunhyie Matar

Four places for Snan

Related to draining of valley.

Baramula
Papaharun Nag
Kinchijie Matar
Return to Baramula

9. Pilgrimage to Teiposh Kur

Two places for snan

In Bongil Pergunna. 
Karg

10. Second pilgrimage to Vitasta Kund

Eight places of snan

Kanibul
Meeting point of Vitasta, Sumbooderi and Rhiddur (Lidder)
Deokie Zar
Bejbehara
Sungum
Shriya
Mullyar
Gunputyar
Soomyar
Baramula

11. Pilgrimage of Raja Bhageerut, deity of Vitasta.

Ten places of snan

Kanibul
Sumbooderi Tirat
Deokieyar
Bijbehara
Sungum
Shriya
Mullyar
Gunpatyar
Soomyar
Baramula

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Marriage

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