Saturday, April 7, 2012

Routes to Srinagar

Compiled from a list of old routes to Srinagar given in 'The Happy Valley: Sketches of Kashmir and the Kashmiris' by W. Wakefield (1879).
Travellers in Kashmir.  By  Miss G. Hadenfeld  

Route 1

The Gujerat and Pir Panjal Route (or the Mugal route)

Gujerat to - 
1. Dowlatnagar
2.Kotla
3.Bhimber
                  Distance: 28 and a half miles
 4.Saidabad
                  Distance: 15 miles
5.Naoshera 
                  Distance: 12 and a half miles
6.Changas
                  Distance: 13 and a half miles
7. Rajaori
                  Distance: 14 miles
8.Thanna Mundi
                  Distance: 14 miles
9.Baramgalla
                  Distance: 10 and a half miles
10.Poshiana
                   Distance: 8 and a half miles
11.Aliabad Serai
                   Distance: 11 miles
12. Hirpoor
                  Distance: 12 miles
13. Shupiyan
                  Distance: 8 miles
14.Ramoo
                  Distance: 11 miles
15.Srinagar (arrive via village Wahtor)
                   Distance: 18 miles

Route 2

The Rawal Pindi and Marri Route

Rawal Pindi to -
1. Barakao

                  Distance: 13 and a half miles

2. Tret

                   Distance: 12 miles

3. Marri

                   Distance: 14 and a half miles

4. Daywal

                   Distance: 10 miles

5. Kohala

                   Distance: 11 miles

6. Chatar Kalas

                   Distance: 11 and a half miles

7. Rara

                    Distance: 12 miles

8.Tinali

                    Distance: 12 miles

9. Ghari

                    Distance: 10 miles

10. Hatti

                    Distance: 12 miles

11. Chakoti

                    Distance: 15 miles

12. Ooree

                    Distance: 16 miles

13. Oorumboo

                    Distance: 11 miles

14.Baramula

                    Distance: 15 miles

15. Pattan

                    Distance: 14 miles

16. Srinagar (arrive in city after passing through suburb of Chatterbal)

                    Distance: 17 miles



Route 3



The Gujerat and Punch Route (when Route 1 is under snow)





Gujerat to - 
1. Dowlatnagar
2.Kotla
3.Bhimber
                  Distance: 28 and a half miles
 4.Saidabad
                  Distance: 15 miles
5.Naoshera 
                  Distance: 12 and a half miles
6.Changas
                  Distance: 13 and a half miles
Changas to -
7. Rajaori
                  Distance: 14 miles
8.Thanna Mundi
                  Distance: 14 miles
9. Sooran
                  Distance: 16 miles
10. Punch
                  Distance: 14 miles
11. Kahoota
                  Distance: 9 miles
12. Aliabad
                  Distance: 8 miles


13. Hydrabad (have to cross Haji Pir Pass)

                  Distance: 7 miles

14. Ooree

                  Distance: 10 miles



15. Oorumboo

                    Distance: 11 miles

16.Baramula

                    Distance: 15 miles

17. Pattan

                    Distance: 14 miles

18. Srinagar (arrive in city after passing through suburb of Chatterbal)

                    Distance: 17 miles

Route 4

The Rawal Pindi and Abbottabad Route

Rawal Pindi to -
1. Barakao

                  Distance: 13 and a half miles

2. Tret

                   Distance: 12 miles

3. Marri

                   Distance: 14 and a half miles

4. Khaira Galli



                   Distance: 9 miles

5. Doonga Galli
                   Distance: 11 miles
6. Bara Galli
                   Distance: 8 miles
7. Abbottabad
                   Distance: 14 miles
8 Mansera
                   Distance: 15 and a half miles
9. Ghari
                   Distance: 19 miles
10. Mozufferabad (crossing Krishenganga river)
                   Distance: 9 miles

11.Hattian



                   Distance: 17 miles

12.Kanda
                   Distance: 11 miles
13.Kathai
                   Distance: 12 miles

14. Shahdera
                   Distance: 12 miles
15.Gingle
                   Distance: 14 miles

16. Baramula



                   Distance: 18 miles

15. Pattan

                    Distance: 14 miles

16. Srinagar (arrive in city after passing through suburb of Chatterbal)

                    Distance: 17 miles



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Route 5



Banihal Cart Road


The Banihal Route from Jammu was off limits for visitors and for the longest time was only meant for personal use of the royal Dogra family based in Jammu.*

The route began at Railway terminal at Jammu Tawi. Involved crossing Banihal Pass (at 9,200 feet) and you arrived in Srinagar via Verinag. 

* From: 'A guide for visitors to Kashmir' (1898) by W. Newman, Updated by A. Mitra.

Route 6
via The Hindustan and Tibet Road. Given in 'Travels in Lad√Ęk, Tartary, and Kashmir' (1862) by Lieut.- Colonel Torrens 

You could arrive into Srinagar (and still can) via Leh. But to reach Leh you had to take the The Hindustan and Tibet Road road (for sometime the British did think about road linking Delhi and China). Shimla to Shikpi Pass.  Crossing Chandra Bhaga (Chenab) at Koksar on dead inflated buffalo skin.   

-0-
Map of the Kashmir Valley and Jehlum Valley. From 'The Panjab, North-West Frontier Province, and Kashmir' (1916) by Sir James McCrone Douie.

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