Monday, August 6, 2012

Kashmir Illustrations, 1859

From 'Wall-Street to Cashmere : a journal of five years in Asia, Africa, and Europe : comprising visits, during 1851, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, to the Danemora iron mines, the "Seven Churches," plains of Troy, Palmyra, Jerusalem, Petra, Seringapatam, Surat, with the scenes of the recent mutinies (Berares, Agra, Cawnpore, Lucknow, Delhi, etc., etc.), Cashmere, Peshawur, the Khyber pass to Afghanistan, Java, China, and Mauritius' (1859) by John B. Ireland.

Char Chinar

Jhelum or Hydaspes


First View of Cashmere

Shah Hamadan

Ruins of the Temple of 'Koran Padan'.
That would be Martand

Shalimar Garden

Suspension Bridge at Uri
"The Cashmere valley differs in one respect from every part of India. In India they always live in villages ot towns, while here,on every side peering from among the trees, on the mountain side, or boldly conspicuous on some naked rock, are the huts or hovels of the present ryot occupants and the ruins of former ones. Occasionally a large house will indicate the residence of a jemindar (owner of the land). the country is badly cultivated, and almost depopulated by the tyranny that has existed for some years past.
[...]
on the birth of every lamb, the owner must pay a tax of one anna...the birth of a calf is four annas. For a marriage one rupee. A fishing boat four annas a day. Walnut trees ten annas a year for the oil, and if the crop fails, must be made up with ghee."
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