Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Jhelum by Mary Georgina Filmer

Jhelum Bank by Lady Mary Georgiana Caroline Cecil Filmer, an early proponent of the art of photographic collage. 
Via: Harvard Art Museums
Possibly date: between 1862-1888.
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3 comments:

  1. In his book 'India in Greece', the author Edward Pococke wrote a chapter on the 'Cashmirians' or 'the people of the Jhelum' who settled in Greece in antiquity. Wonder how ancient the name Jhelum is?

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    1. That work refers to 'People of Baihootians' and then goes on link it to Kashmir by word 'Behoot. or Jailum' referring to Vyeth or Vitasta. The comes up with stories about 'Cashmirians of Beeotia' migrating to Greeks. It is not a work that would be qualified as History...it is a mere collection of 'what ifs', 'and that sounds like' and 'then maybe'. There is too much imagination at work in it. The book is titled "India in Greece: Or, Truth in Mythology: Containing the Sources of the Hellenic Race, the Colonisation of Egypt and Palestine, the Wars of the Grand Lama, and the Bud'histic Propaganda in Greece" (1852). This Edward Pococke is not to be confused with the 17th century Orientalist who mostly wrote with some authority about Arab world. There were a whole lot of such work produced back then and while reading such work one has to remember that these were work of over eager western men who were cashing in on new found fascination of west with 'mystic and ancient' East. Given that back then information was not easily verifiable, so there works proliferated. And some in India still find them convenient for their 'India is center of universe' theories.

      Merciful, now information is easily available. Just look up real origins of Boeotia at Wikipedia.
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeotia

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    2. Dear, Actualy Jhelum is a city in North East Pakistan, which has given the river its name for the people comign from West. i qoute Wikipedia : The Janjuas, Rajputs, Jats and Ahirs,[9][13][14] who now hold the Salt Range and its northern plateau respectively, appear to have been the earliest inhabitants of Jhelum.[15] The history of Jhelum dates back to the semi-mythical period of the Mahabharata. Hindu tradition represents the nearby Salt Range as the refuge of the five Pandava brothers during the period of their exile. The next major point in the history of the district was the Battle of the Hydaspes between Alexander the Great and the local ruler, Porus. Abisares (or Abhisara;[16] in Greek Αβισαρης), called Embisarus (Eμ Oβισαρoς) by Diodorus,[17] was an Indian king of abhira[18] descent beyond the river Hydaspes, whose territory lay in the mountains, sent embassies to Alexander the Great both before and after the conquest of Porus in 326 BC, although inclined to espouse the side of the latter. Alexander not only allowed him to retain his kingdom, but increased it, and on his death appointed his son as his successor. The Gakhars appear to represent an early wave of conquerors from the west, and who still inhabit a large tract in the mountain north to tilla range. Gakhars were the dominant race during the early Muslim era and they long continued to retain their independence, both in Jhelum itself and in the neighbouring district of Rawalpindi.[15] - end qoute

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