Saturday, May 3, 2014

Kashmiri names of Birds of Kashmir

Based on 'The Birds of Kashmir' by Samsar Chand Koul, 1939.

The crow family (Corvidae)

The Raven (Corvus corax tibetanus)
Kashmiri name:
Botin kav
Khata in Leh

Common in Ladakh region

The Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos intermedius)
Kashmiri name:
Diva Kav, Pantsol Kav
Can be seen around higher reaches of Pahalgam

The House Crow (Corvus splendens zugmayeri)
Kashmiri name:
Kav

The Jackdaw (Corvus monedula monedula)
Kashmiri name: 
Kavin

The Red-Billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax Pyrrhocorax)
Kashmiri name:
Wan Kavin

The Yellow Billed Magpie (Urocissa flavirostris cucullata)
Kashmiri name (in Lolab valley):
Lot Raza


The Tit Family (Paridae)

The Grey Tit (Parus major kashmiriensis)
Kashmiri name:
Ranga Tsar

The Crested Black Tit (Lophophanes melanolophus)
Kashmiri name:
Pintsakon

The Babbler Family (Timaliidae)

The Streaked Lavghing-Thush (Trochalopteron lineatum lineatum)
Kashmiri name:
Sheena-pi-pin, The Snow Whistle

The Bulbul Family (Pycnonotidae)

The White-Cheeked Bulbul (Molpastes leucogenys leucogenys)
Kashmiri name:
Bill-bi-chur

The Himalayan Black Bulbul (Microscelis psaroides psaroides)
Kashmiri name:
Wan Bulbul

The Creeper Family (Certhiidae)

The Himalayan Tree-Creeper (Certhia Himalayana)
Kashmiri name:
Koel dider

The Wall-Creeper (Tichodroma muraria)
Kashmiri name:
Lamba dider

The Thrush Family (Turdidate)

The Bush chat (Saxicola torquata)
Kashmiri name:
Dofa Tiriv

The White-Capped Redstart (Chaimarrhornis leucocephals)
Kashmiri name:
Chets tal,
Kumidi in Kolahoi area


The Plumbeous Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosa fuliginosa)
Kashmiri name:
Kola Tiriv

The Black Throated Thrush (turdus atrogularis)
Kashmiri name:
Wanda kostur

Tickell's Thrush (Turdus unicolor) 
Kashmiri name:
Kostur

The Himalayan Whistling Thrush (Myiophoneus temminckii temminckii)
[Lawrence's The Song Thrush of Kashmir]
Kashmiri name:
Hazar Dastan, Kava Kunur

The Flycatcher Family (Muscicapidae)

The Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paadisi leucagaster)
Kashmiri name:
Young and female, Ranga Bulbul
Adult, Fhambaseer (cotton flake)

The Shrike Family (Lanidae)

The Rufous Backed Shrike (Lanius schach erythronotus)
Kashmiri name:
Hara wataj (wataj means executioner, the bird name is used also as a phrase in Kashmiri for someone mean)

The Campephagidae Family 

The Short Billed Minivet (Pericrocotus Brevirostris Brevirostris)
Kashmiri name:
Wozul mini

The Drongo Family (Dicruridae)

The Indian Grey Dronga (The King Crow) (Dicrurus leucophaeus longicaudatus)
Kashmiri name:
Gankots, Telakots

The Warbler Family (Sylviidae)

The Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus stentoreus brunnescens)
Kashmiri name:
Kurkoch

The Pale Bush Warbler (Horornis pallidus pallidus)
Kashmiri name:
Dofa Pich

The Oriole Family (Oriolidae)

The Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus kundo)
Kashmiri name:
Poshi Nul (flower mongoose)

The Starling Family (Sturnadae)

The Starling (Sturnus vulgaris humii)
Kashmiri name:
Tsini-hangur

The Myna (Acridotheres tristis tristis) (The sad grasshopper eater)
Kashmiri name:
Hor

Cinclidae (Dipper Family)
The White Breasted Dipper (Water Ousel) (Cinclus cinclus kashmiriensis)
Kashmiri name:
Dungal

Family Fringillidae
The Black and Yellow Grosbreak (Perrisospiza icteroides icteroides)
Kashmiri name:
Wyet Tont

The Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus roseatus) (erythrinus wrongly given as crythrinus)
Kashmiri name:
Gulob Tsar

The Goldfinch (Carduelis caniceps caniceps)
Kashmiri name:
Sehara

The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus parkini)
Kashmiri name:
Tsar

The Gold Fronted Finch (Metaponia pusilla)
Kashmiri name:
Adult, Tyok
Young, Taer

The Green Finch (Hypacanthis spinoides spinoides)
Kashmiri name:
Saboz Tsar

The Meadow Bunting (Emheriza cia stracheyi)
Kashmiri name:
Won Tsar

Hirundinidae (Swallow Family)
The Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
Kashmiri name:
Katij

Motacillidae (Wagtail Family)
The White Wagtail (Motacilla alba hogsoni)
Kashmiri name:
Dobbai

The Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea melanope)
Kashmiri name:
Khak Dubbai

The Yellow-headed Wagtail (Motacilla citreola citreoloides)
Kashmiri name:
Ledor Dub-bai

Alaudidae (Lark Family)
The Little Skylark (Alauda gulgula guttata)
Kashmiri name:
Dider

Order - Pici Picidae (Woodpecker Family)
The Green Woodpecker (Picus squamatus squamatus)
Kashmiri name:
Koel Makots

The Pied Woodpecker (Dryobates himalayensis)
Kashmiri name:
Hor Koel Makots
Koel-Ku-Kor (tree hen) Koel Tatak in Lolab area

The Wryneck (Iynx torquilla japonica)
Kashmiri name:
Viri Mot

Order - Anisodactyli (Coraciadae Family)
The Roller (Coracias garulla semenowi)
Kashmiri name:
Nila Krash

Meropioae Family
The Bee-Easter (Merops apiaster)
Kashmiri name:
Tulri Khav

Alcedinidae (King-Fisher Family)
The Blue King-Fisher (Alcedo atthis pallasii)
Kashmiri name:
Kola tonch

The Pied King-Fisher (Ceryle rudis leucomelanura)
Kashmiri name:
Hora Kola Tonch

The Upupidac (Hoopoe Family)
The Hoopoe (Upupa epops epops)
Kashmiri name:
Satut

Order - Coccyges Cuculida (Cuckoo Family)
The Pied Crested Cuckoo (Lamator jacobinus)
Kashmiri name:
Hor Kuk

Order - Psittaci 
Psittacidae (The Parrot Family)
The Slaty Header Parakeet
Kashmiri name:
Tota, Shoga in Lolab valley

Order - Striges The Strigidae (Owl Family)
The Indian Barn Owl (Tyto alba Javanica)
Kashmiri name:
Rata Mogul

Order - Accipitres (The Birds of Prey)

The Pandionidae Family
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus)
Kashmiri name:
?

Gypidae (The Vulture Family)
The Himalayan Griffon (Gyps Himalayensis)
Kashmiri name:
Grad

The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus percnopterus)
Kashmiri name:
Patyal

Falconidae (Birds of Prey)
Pallas Fishing Eagle (Cuncuma leucorypha)
Kashmiri name:
Gada Grad

The Black-Eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus)
Kashmiri name:
Gont

The Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
Kashmiri name:
Bohar

Order - Columbidae Family Columbidae
The Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis meena)
Kashmiri name:
Wan Kukil

The Ring Dove (Streptopelia decaocto decaocto)Kashmiri name:
Kukil

Order - Gallinae  (Family Phasianidae)
The Chakor (Alectoris graeca chukar)
Kashmiri name:
Kakov

Order - Grallae (Family Rallidae)
The Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus parvifrons)
Kashmiri name:
Tech

The Purple Coot (Porphyrio pollocephalus pollocephalus)
Kashmiri name: 
Wan Tech

The Common Coot (Fulica atra atra)
Kashmiri name:
Kolar, Kav-put

Family Jacanidae
The Pheasant-Tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus)
Kashmiri name:
Govind Kav, Gair Kov

Family Charadriidae
The Common Sand Piper (Tringa Hypoleuca)
Kashmiri name:
Tont Kon, Kula Kavin

Order - Gaviae Family Lardiae
The Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias leucopareia indica)
Kashmiri name:
Kreu

Order - Herodiones Family Ardeidae
The Common Heron (Ardea cinerea cinerea)
Kashmiri name:
Brag

The Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax)
Kashmiri name:
Bor

The Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus minutus)
Kashmiri name:
Goi

Order- Anseres-Ducks Family Anatidae
The Mallard (Anas platyrhyncha platyrhyncha)
Kashmiri name:
Male, Neluj, Female, Thuj

Order-Pygopodes Family Podicipidae
The Dabchick (Podiceps ruficollis albipennis)
Kashmiri name:
Pind

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Some additional names from 'The Cyclop√¶dia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial Industrial, and Scientific: Products of the Mineral, Vegetable, and Animal Kingdoms, Useful Arts and Manufactures, Volume 3' by Edward Balfour, 1885.


Great Snow Pheasant
Kashmiri name:
Gor-ka-gu and Ku-buk-der

Impeyan, or monal (Lophophorus impeyanus)
Kashmiri name:
Male, Lont and Ham, female

Chukor (Caccabis chukor. Gray)
Kashmiri name: 
Kau-kau (see Koul's naming)

-0-

Still some more from 'The Valley of Kashmir' (1895) by Walter Lawrence, (who does point mention that Kashmiris, even if they loved them, had little knowledge about birds around him)


The Snow Partridge (in Gilgit, Koreish)

The Himalayan Snow Cock (Ram chikor of sportsmen ; Gurka-kao in Kashmir)

The Chikor Partridge (Kashmiri, kak)

Lophophorus refulgens. The Monaul Pheasant (Kashmiri, male Sunal or Suna ' Murg ' ; female Haum)

The Simla Horned Pheasant (Rang RawuI of some Kashmiris; Riar in Hazara)

The Kashmir Pucras Pheasant. Commonly called Koklas

The Bald Coot (Kashmiri, Kolar)

The Laughing Gull (Kashmiri, Krind)

The European Common Tern (Kashmiri, Kreu)

The Curlew (Kashmiri, Golar)

The Woodcock (Kashmiri, Zar Batchi)

The Grey Goose (Kashmiri, Ans)
The Ruddy Shielddrake (Kashmiri, Tsakao)

The Shoveller  (Kashmiri, Honk)

The Gadwall (Kashmiri, Budan)

The Pintail Duck (Kashmiri, Sok Pachin)

The Widgeon (Kashmiri, Shiewrni Budan)

The common Teal (Kashmiri, Keus)

The Blue-winged Teal (Kashmiri, Kulkilar)

The Red-crested Pochard (Kashmiri, Tur)

The White-eyed Duck (Kashmiri, Harwat)

The Smew (Kashmiri. Gagur)

The Lesser Cormorant (Kashmiri, Mung) [The word that triggered this post thanks to a recollection by my grandmother]

The European Cuckoo (Kashmiri, Shakuk or kuku)

The Eastern Calandra Lark. (Fall in Kashmiri.)

The Indian Great Reed Warbler (Kashmiri, Karkat, Kurkoch of Kaul )

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3 comments:

  1. Good to see a blog which presents the state of J&K as an integral part of the union of India yet highlighting it's uniqueness. It brings to life the very founding theme of the country - 'unity in diversity'. Thank you Vinayak.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Please anyone tell me.. The English name of "yeache" seen in kashmir in night hours.. mostly in winters

    ReplyDelete
  3. Great Info ...However, it would've been wonderful to have the pictures of the birds named pasted besides their names...

    ReplyDelete

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