Thursday, August 28, 2014

1857, Umrao Jaan, Kashmiris, Lucknow

Rudresh Kaul shared a page in Hindi



A page from Hindi edition (by Manoj Publications) of Mirza Mohammad Hadi Ruswa's classic urdu novel 'Umrao Jan Ada' (1899), a memoir of a courtesan of mid-19th century Lucknow.

Lines as mentioned in the english translation from 1970 by Khushwant Singh/M.A. Husaini


There is reference to Kashmiri Bhands in that page. In another instance, the bhands are mentioned in the part about 'Mutineers' of 1857. Kashmiri Bhands were entertaining the mutineers.



The page also mentions 'Dilaram's Baradari'.

For Kashmiri Pandits of Lucknow, the fact that British survived the rising of 1857 proved a blessing for Pandit had shifted the loyalties from Nawabs to British flag. And for this support they were duly awarded.

Dilaram's Baradari: Rai Dila Ram, was Chakladar [district administrator] of Tandiaon (in Awadh). He son was Shiv Nath Kaul, who was given chakladri of Unao for not supporting the rebels in 1857. He was at the time the only Kashmiri Pandit taluqdar in Awadh. After his death in 1890, his estate was inherited by his widow Jagat Rani, and the British gave a grant of 4,952 rupees. Using the money they purchased land in Unao and Lucknow. Henny Sender writes in 'The Kashmiri Pandits: a study of cultural choice in North India' (1988), 'Shiv Nath's son, Sham Sunder Nath, became the community's biggest zamindar, an enormous mansion was constructed in the Chaupation [Chaupatiyan] area of Lucknow known as Dilaram Bara Dari (referring to twelve doors of the residence) with a hall in which mushairas were held.'


From what I could gather there was also something called 'Dilaram Palace' in Lucknow.

"The registrar office [of Lucknow university] occupies, according to some historians, the site of now non-existent Dilaram Palace which was reduced to rubble by the British for smooth functioning of a battery of cannons aiming at Kaiserbagh in 1858."


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